GHRC Joins International Organizations to Denounce the Criminalization of Judge Pablo Xitumul and the Persecution of Judicial Sector Workers in Guatemala

English Translation Below



Guatemala City, Geneva and Washington D.C.
February 10, 2022

On February 9, 2022, the Supreme Court of Justice declared admissible the request to
strip Judge Pablo Xitumul de Paz of his judicial immunity, leaving him vulnerable to
impeachment. Pablo Xitumul de Paz is the judge of the First Court of Criminal Sentencing,
Drug Trafficking and Crimes against the Environment, with jurisdiction to hear high-risk
cases of group “C”.

The request to repeal his judicial immunity is linked to a complaint filed against the judge
by a police inspector during a vehicle inspection incident in which the judge’s family was
traveling. Despite the existence of documentary evidence showing the police officer used
excessive force -which was denounced by Xitumul and led to the officer being prosecuted
for abuse of authority-, the latter in turn filed a criminal complaint against Xitumul, and
reportedly received full support from the Ministry of the Interior to push forward his request
to lift his judicial immunity. The recent decision of the Supreme Court places Judge
Xitumul at risk of being deprived of his personal liberty, subjected to measures of arraigo
(writ of ne exeat) and to a criminal process that lacks factual support.

The international organizations that make up the International Observatory on Guatemala
have warned on multiple occasions about repeated attacks and criminalization against
justice operators in Guatemala. These attacks are part of a systematic pattern that has
been worsening, and that has as a common denominator, the use of the criminal justice
and disciplinary systems to undermine the independence of judges and prosecutors who
oversee highly complex criminal investigations and prosecutions that affect powerful
individuals and groups and that involve serious human rights violations or large-scale

These types of acts affect criminal judges with high-risk jurisdiction, and prosecutors who
are or were members of the Special Prosecutor’s Office against Impunity (FECI) of the
Attorney General’s Office of Guatemala, who have or had knowledge of these cases, as well as national lawyers and former officials who were members of the International Commission against Impunity (CICIG). As has been denounced before international human rights bodies and the international community, the attacks come from or are promoted both by the justice
system itself, from within the Judicial Branch and the Attorney General’s Office, with the
direct or indirect participation of its own authorities; as well as through external agents,
unions, or organizations that promote attacks, harassment and criminalization and whose
influence in the justice system is significant.

We strongly reject the decision taken by the Supreme Court of Justice of Guatemala in
the case of Judge Pablo Xitumul, which we consider a grave attack on his independence,
and an unacceptable action that seeks to frighten and intimidate justice operators in the

We call on the competent national authorities to refrain from continuing acts of
criminalization and intimidation against justice operators, and when appropriate, within
the framework of the actions brought, to revoke this decision and reestablish the
guarantees of independence of Judge Pablo Xitumul. Likewise, we call on international
human rights organizations and the international community to pronounce themselves
decisively in rejection of these acts, which call into question the integrity of the democratic
system in the country.

Signatory organizations:
Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL)
Due Process of Law Foundation (DPLF)
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights
Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA)
American Jewish World Service (AJWS)
Latin America Working Group (LAWG)
Impunity Watch
ACTuando Juntas Jotay Program -Guatemala
Be Just
Fundación para la Justicia y el Estado Democrático de Derecho (FJEDD)
Guatemalan Human Rights Commission (GHRC)
Protection International Mesoamerica
International Platform against Impunity

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